Chinese world spirit

Date of publication:2004-01-01   Press: East China Normal University press   Author:Xu Fuguan   Pages:248   Words:241000  
Summary

This book is a collection of news comments, Mr. Xu Fuguan from the last thirty years of life (1950 years to 1970 years) selected out review, published about international politics in Taiwan and Hong Kong newspapers and magazines essays. Xu Fu Guan idealistic international political values based on Confucianism, Song Mingxin time limit exceeded. Xu Fuguan's point of view, around the free market economy, democratic politics, and government behavior to adjust the free economic wealth and other resource allocation of socialism such three important system to achieve successful reconstruction in contemporary China, while in the Chinese tradition developed push local resources necessary for the system. With a look of conscience of the major issues issues of right and wrong in principle, decision-making and implementation, significant events, phenomenon of social culture and political activist personal Xu Fuguan in many countries internal affairs, made on behalf of his personal stance of criticism and even attack. Xu Fuguan's international political essays closer to the general people's thinking and understanding, but at the bottom in the plain and even a very lofty wisdom to guide readers to go beyond common sense (but not contrary to common sense). His sharp eyes, vivid, lively and vivid language fluency, When the incident. For decades, these mostly improvisational, essay style international review, was completely beyond time and space, and makes people today still strongly recognize a disappointment, but never disappointed the thinking of his time, and the insight, care and tiger tiger angry, and make people deeply moved. For most Chinese readers, read Xu Fuguan's international political essays, and is not a sense of the past "". The historical period from Xu's international review first published through to the people, through his pen, recalling the past asked many news deja vu or have never even heard of it, will be feeling a lot. For example, we have heard that Kampuchea's "rouge", but they don't know they are engaged in "Kampuchea surprise experiment". But the cult of violent revolution Japan extremist organization "United Red Army", in China has not been reported. "United Red Army" incident once again showed, the extreme left possessed by the devil, how cruel and inhuman may fall. And as the "revisionist leader" after the death of Khrushchev, a text message published only in Chinese, titled "Khrushchev is dead"; but a few cross, rather to cynical man "with the debt out" style. Read Xu Fuguan Khrushchev's interment rating, it can cause us to ponder.
Catalogue of books

One, in the international politics of the common human values of current thinkers task God, conscience, conscience, South Vietnamese political, Oriental inaugural democracy a Chinese reading of Nickson in all the test for human survival in the long run to circular economy for the external factors in international politics and international relations and the cold war diplomacy glorious confusion human rights diplomacy in two, the seventy's America diplomatic shift changes on Japan to a kamikaze attack? Emergence of strategic arms limitation Soviet attach importance to Nickson's trip to Moscow, the significance of West and East tight situation -- Moscow summit at the day, sue the subtle relationship between Soviet western policy evolution of beauty, Su Gaofeng after a meeting of the international situation for security and cooperation in Europe conference international issues reflects three, Soviet Hegemony: too sad. From the time of Khrushchev, to the Boulez Neff era Soviet international diplomatic strategy schedule Soviet economic crisis involved fundamental problems of Soviet ambitions setbacks, American four political and spiritual crisis of Nickson's diplomatic stain Nickson trouble not marry several problems in relations with the United States, review and Prospect of the Americans in the spirit of the USA cornered variable in the beginning it -- on Mcgowan in the Democratic victory in what month, we can now American between Watergate Watergate attributed democracy another perspective -- reasonable benefit American international political image reconstruction in five, Japan Society various forms of corruption from the event of Japanese political Japanese Taiwan remnant dream in the Japanese violence behind the Sichuan Between the end of Kang 成之 dead Japanese Yukio Mishima decision concept, conscience - Mori Koo Dutch act day, beautiful fall view regains all is built into the body! -- on Tanaka regime of the short-lived Japan lost the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan six, the Korean Peninsula, South Asia and Southeast Asia review...... Seven, social problems and Countermeasures of capitalism in Europe: eight, "iron curtain" 卓盖 next spring nine, the Latin American crisis
Chapter excerpt

The thinkers of the task as long as it is psychologically normal people, no hope of nuclear war. As long as the knowledge rich people, will never believe that by a nuclear arms race in two aspects which can prevent nuclear war. In the Dulles era, America constantly use the brink of war policy. But after Dulles occasionally said, he was Public opinion is seething with indignation., rise against, because it is playing with fire, but the fire will eventually be immolation. After the death of Dulles, to the space race advantage Soviet hands, the constant and to the brink of war policy of the Soviet Union. From the edge of the war entered the war, just feet slightly slide further. And the whole world of human destiny, is in the hands of a sliding further. In these circumstances, the politicians are busy fitting strategy, global strategist busy planning, the scientists busy for weapons. On the assumption of three, there are the so-called thinkers, philosophers in general, is there a task can share? Here, we can think of the leadership study Russell petition. That task is a thinker, philosopher and a bit too poor. At the same time, from the point of view, Russell positive opinion, seems to be the British to completely abandon the nuclear arms, America until you reach the disarmament treaty with the Soviet Union did not, still can maintain the nuclear armaments. It was discovered that, is that usually rely on USA British nuclear power to maintain their own interests, in the event of a fight, then keep the nuclear weapon state, the United States, Su destroy each other, while the UK is in between, the fish of escapeWoe. Assuming thinkers heart is such, this is too hateful selfish. In addition to Russell showed in the current situation, thinkers, and no other as task? Authority Sutton two contemporary history of science, points out in its title of "the ancient history of scientific culture in" prologue: Greek civilization failure, not the lack of knowledge, but the lack of personality, moral. Remain stagnant Europe in the middle ages, is the only emphasizes God's benevolence, and lack of worldly knowledge activities. Therefore, he concluded that "no kind of knowledge, and not knowledge of love, is also of no value, is equally dangerous". If the words of Sutton, in the comparison of Chinese and Western culture, can be said to defect China culture is the emphasis on the humanity and ignored (opposed) knowledge; in the past two hundred years, even in the traditional spirit of benevolence is lost. In western culture, the achievements of knowledge, while ignoring the benevolence. Because of the western culture has in fact become world culture, so the whole world cultural crisis, exposed to the knowledge without love. The achievements of science knowledge, science itself is no attitude. Science to the human benefit or entail woe, is not determined by the science, but to the people give the scientific development, application of direction. Today's scientific achievements of nuclear weapons, it can destroy the human, in thirty minutes, really is the human will, to destroy them in thirty minutes. This is called the "self inflicted, not live". How to make human to save human, make the scientific direction, not to kill the aspects of development, and development to benefit the people, this is the real task of current thinkers. The task is to carry out, in western culture, the dominant position of the spirit of benevolence in culture. Three Western understanding of moral value, and recognize the deepest, without too much kant. But Conde stressed the importance of motivation in "good faith", but he had not fastened to the moral content. "Unbearing mind, the person all has", this is not in at all times and in all countries, and can now be validated. But Kant must use two antinomy methods, fees this thought power big, in order to prove the existence of moral reason. This is the Western cultural habits, while affirming its value does not treat people now can verify moral facts to be admitted; it must be through rational thinking form, in order to establish the concept of distance in fact, debate has no concept. So every person with the loving heart, can not achieve its proper value in academic culture, and back down to be of little list, the most precious part of human nature, repressed sink, no longer have the proper role in the life of society. Contemporary thinkers, the questions of life, I hope I do not have to play what concept tricks, but only catch people present a nature is manifested unbearing mind, that is love, to determine the fundamental value of life, and that this is the value of all value. Unlimited scalability, follow this charity itself has to be expanded, and not to be blocked, then everyone in the spirit inside, all contained the whole of mankind, and be bound together in a common cause, science will naturally develop to benefit the people, and not to kill aspect development. But in the face of death struggle between the two camps, and to seek the solution in spirit, a bit like the "book of filial piety" against the Yellow turban, too circuity ridiculous? Indeed, benevolence and not the outcome of the negotiations. But in the western world, there are many problems not the loving heart? Thinkers, should be advocated to solve their own problems with the spirit of benevolence, not equal to equal opposites, harmony, is the western world itself, the moral strength and strengthen the real strength. The iron curtain inside is still, still have a mind of compassion. The iron curtain outside the unbearing mind, like a mighty stream, with the iron curtain internal unbearing mind echoed, the situation of nuclear threat, or slowly softened down, for the human the other open up a new situation. The minimum, than a vigil, there will always be more meaningful. For human survival in the long run to the news media for a Hong Kong and Taiwan, in order to solve world problems as pressing danger, and occupied space, position related to human beings; for as long as the problem of survival, anti easy to feel neglected. Although this is the international situation, it is when the news media; but it is not a good phenomenon. United Nations Conference on the human environment, June 4th, in Finland's capital, opened twelve days; after many setbacks, and finally in June 16th, adopted the "Declaration of human environment"; this is expressed as a prayer to human survival in the long run; so the international someone said it was the "Declaration of human rights second". (this Abridged) CPC participated in, but for some special reason, refused to sign, it is easy to make us to neglect the significance of a declaration. So you can here a little and. Of course, the past, the present and the future of mankind, the biggest threat to the survival of the, is political. From the "political have evil" guarantee long-term survival of human beings, only to determine the basic individual rights, so that all political activities, to protect the basic human rights for the purpose, which is of great significance in the United Nations in 1948 the "Declaration of human rights". Political, of course, is one of the major control human survival environment. But because of the increase of population and concentrated, science and technology caused by the development of natural damage caused by waste; industrial production of the index pollution, constitute the human survival of another major environmental threat. This is a serious threat, which is nearly 10 years. The UN's action, should be far sighted action. Unfortunately, this is to keep a distance problem and political reality. But because of "left politics, not considering the stiff and argues that environmental problems", so that a lot of unnecessary trouble. I was very skeptical of the politics of stiff claims occurred in international significance. Two "human environment", is divided into preface and two parts are the principle, a column in the form of. Objective a total of seven, the brief contents are as follows: (a) "man is a creature of circumstance, also is a environment. Environment to maintain human body to survive, but also give people the knowledge, moral, social and spiritual growth machineWill, "which emphasizes the interaction between human and environment; and the environment for human survival and development of the decisive significance. (two) emphasizes the protection and improvement of the human environment, is the main problem that affects the whole world people's well-being and economic growth, but also the people of the world the urgent desire, this is all the government's duties. (three) "the use of we can be very wise to change the surrounding environment, can be for all the people to provide the development of grace, and the life quality to. If the ability to do a wrong use, use or inattentive, can give the environment to inestimable damage. We know that many regions of the earth, increase is by artificial disaster." This is a highly developed industrial countries said. The disaster is the abuse and destruction of nature for natural resources, such as pollution of water, air, biological. (four) "countries in the development of the way, most of the environmental problems, is caused by the low development. Millions of people, have a far more necessary minimum standard of living for low life." ① so that to improve the environment in this national effort, should focus to the development of the road, advanced industrial countries, must from the aspects of assistance. (five) emphasizes that "all human beings in the world's most expensive", as long as the appropriate policy, with the progress, to solve the unfit for human living environment, it is possible. (six) think about environmental issues, are standing on a return point. "In the natural world can be free, for people to be in harmony with nature, to create a better environment, can not properly use our knowledge. In order to present and future generations, so that the world environmental upward, in humans, is the Supreme goal." (seven) is the emphasis on the improvement of the environment, is each person, group, country, each should make efforts with the international common efforts. Three in the seven objective, proposes twenty-five principles, for the planning and management of natural resources, to encourage and support developing countries, to the younger generation to be inspired, for all the national interests should also be considered, care, have put forward more specific suggestions. In addition to composed of preface and declaration of principles, put forward more than 100 "environmental conservation advice", as the educational activities of the material. On the twelve day meeting, in addition to the serious air pollution problems caused by a nuclear explosion test, because of the reality of the political implications and no unified concept, as well as the original article twenty-first of the production, not people, can be said that the problems relating to various aspects, are considered in detail by week, deep to. Can achieve the requirements of this declaration, of course, needs a long-term efforts. But with wisdom and scale of international to exhort solemnly put forward, for the solution to the problem, it is out of the first step. The key, of course, in the decision-making and administrative government ability. This also involves the interests of short-term. For example, in order to biological conservation, put forward ten years whaling requirements, and the Japanese part of fishermen's interests conflict. But just the thought of the conflict is only ten years, and save the relationship to tens of millions of the world, Japan will have to accept a short-term loss. But as long as the thought of crane the animal, the important status in our country's history, eighty years ago, by the old talk about a tree on the habitat of hundreds of Baihe situation, but we started to remember, had one does not exist, we can understand this declaration proposes, Zheng preservation of biological requirements, is how we fit into the Confucianism and Buddhism and the spirit of the three, is of great significance in reality and. Especially pointed out the behavior of each individual in the declaration, to influence to environment, so everyone should bear a responsibility, the citizens of Hongkong, should become the call of conscience. For a minute and a half minutes and what is not, and throw things, dump garbage, that is. Some live dog owners, in order to pedestrians for the dog to accumulation of field, with no regard for others pass by; the damage to the environment are sinners. People should keep even the suitable for human living environment, and to as a person's survival and should have certain fundamental rights, its importance is not what respectively.
Media attention and comments

In this volume commentary collection before the readers, is Mr. Xu Fuguan from the last thirty years of life (1950 years to 1970 years) selected out review, published about international politics in Taiwan and Hong Kong newspapers and magazines essays. In these thirty years, his personal life have experienced several twists and turns: first is the transformation from the KMT official and try a teaching at a university, a host of a political magazine, four or five years after the last of his energies to teaching, ancient history of thought and culture Chinese, to 1969 from Tokai University in Taiwan, who retired moved to Hongkong to focus on academic research and writing. Beginning with the "long and hard course of study", he also has been concerned with the major trend of the society and its own outside the radius of the whole world or event. Therefore, thirty years, in addition to other academic work, he has written essays and commentary class a great number of; of which a considerable part of the international politics as the topic. Xu Fuguan's essay writing, perhaps in part a little relationship with the "rice grain.". Especially in Hongkong for more than ten years, in his own words, "to rely on these essays and published these essays behind the friendship to sustain life". However, the most important power to drive him try to stop but cannot not immersed in the essay, or from a one's private ends feelings to cut the world, face the dilemma of human existence of the Confucian philosophy of life. He said, "my conscience" in the oppression he "can not write". Therefore, in Hongkong, "seven days a week, five days I was in the face of the ancients. One and a half days or two days I was facing the contemporary. This ten years like a day on the ancient and modern circulation transform in life, spur both from our country encountered with me". Such a state of mind, tend to be more directly and clearly revealed in many of his essays, its degree is much more than the expression of them in more specialized academic works. As we all know, relevant international political commentators, like news, its vitality often and timeliness most closely together. Today's readers in reading his international political essays,Whether it will have alienated some "Introspective" feeling? This sense of alienation and even has dual nature: because not only these essay writing years ago already for thirty or forty years, and they all belong to the "cold war" era, that is from the beginning of the two World War, after respectively to America and Soviet Union as the product between the axis of the world two camps confrontation and hostility historical era. Today, although people still have a lot of differences in the international political pattern how to treat the 1990 time in the past, the "cold war" ended in any case always has been a consensus is accepted by most people. So, now the introduction of such a book, not from the beginning of a pile of outdated move? We know, international politics is very practical, so in the world are the government and social public concern "and", this is a very broad coverage of the large field of knowledge. Different international political scientist may focus on major international issues to be different, this huge areas further divided into academic, many highly specialized, such as diplomacy and international law, force reduction, prevention of nuclear proliferation and the use of force in international relations, international cooperation and international system, the sustainable development of ecology, natural resources and human, in the international society for human rights and justice principle. Of course, the preset different scholars also claims in accordance with the different academic schools they satisfy, or they cut into the problem from different perspectives, to explain the events in international politics and phenomenon. Although today, contemporary international relations forum genres appear more dynamic, more diversified, more perplexing features than in the past, but the theory advocates of a wide variety, most in the twenty or thirty years before it has in one form or another appeared. Although Xu Fuguan has been in a agricultural schools taught "international organization and the international situation" such a course, but in fact he is not an international political scientist; his international political thinking, does not seem to have with the international relations theory "lineage" what direct relationship. In this sense, his insights can be said to be "non professional".......
Editor recommends

In this volume commentary collection before the readers, is Mr. Xu Fuguan from the last thirty years of life (1950 years to 1970 years) selected out review, published about international politics in Taiwan and Hong Kong newspapers and magazines essays. In these thirty years, his personal life have experienced several twists and turns: first is the transformation from the KMT official and try a teaching at a university, a host of a political magazine, four or five years after the last of his energies to teaching, ancient history of thought and culture Chinese, to 1969 from Tokai University in Taiwan, who retired moved to Hongkong to focus on academic research and writing. Beginning with the "long and hard course of study", he also has been concerned about their social and the whole people around the major trend of the world ask or event. Therefore, thirty years, in addition to other academic work, he has written essays and commentary class a great number of; of which a considerable part of the international politics as the topic. Xu Fuguan's essay writing, perhaps in part a little relationship with the "rice grain.". Especially in Hongkong for more than ten years, in his own words, "to rely on these essays and published these essays behind the friendship to sustain life". However, the most important power to drive him try to stop but cannot not immersed in the essay, or from a one's private ends feelings to cut the world, face the dilemma of human existence of the Confucian philosophy of life. He said, "my conscience" in the oppression he "can not write". Therefore, in Hongkong, "seven days a week, five days I was in the face of the ancients. One and a half days or two days I was facing the contemporary. This ten years like a day on the ancient and modern circulation transform in life, spur both from our country encountered with me". Such a state of mind, tend to be more directly and clearly revealed in many of his essays, its degree is much more than the expression of them in more specialized academic works.
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