The national spirit, the text in order to; national God, in order to cast the text. "To strengthen the cultural construction, significantly improve the quality of civilization" the whole nation, it is a new requirement of the 17th National Congress of CPC to realize the goal of building a well-off society. General Secretary Hu Jintao at the Party Congress report clearly pointed out: "in the present era, culture has become a more and more important factors are more important source of national cohesion and creativity, become the competition of comprehensive national power, a rich cultural life is increasingly becoming the earnest desire of our people. We must keep to the orientation of advanced socialist culture, a new upsurge in socialist cultural development, stimulate the cultural creativity of the whole nation, and enhance national cultural soft power, so that the people's basic cultural rights and interests of better security, make the society paper on strengthening the concrete embodiment of socialist cultural construction. Life more rich and colorful, make people more high spirited spirit. "This is not only profoundly expounded the new upsurge in socialist cultural development of great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance, but also strengthen cultural construction in the new period, the direction and path. Traffic culture is an important part of socialist advanced culture, is the soul of transportation industry, is an important spiritual pillar to achieve sound and rapid development of transportation. Transportation is to support economic development, promote overall social progress and basic, guiding industry and service industry, service is the essential attribute of. Based on this understanding, we propose "traffic development to global, serve national economy and social development to build new socialist countryside, service people safe and convenient travel", proposed "the development of modern transportation industry, to build a safer, more open, more convenient, more economical, more reliable, more harmonious modern highway and waterway transportation system". From the perspective of culture, this is the choice of our sacred mission of transportation and the essence of the transportation industry based on the value, is the core connotation of traffic culture, is the value orientation to guide the scientific development of transportation, but also implement the party's 17 major traffic department leading Party group attaches great importance to cultural construction work. In 2006 the national transportation work conference made clear: "strive to build a bright profession characteristic and the time characteristic of traffic culture, condense the whole industry with culture and spirit, make traffic industry more energetic. And constantly open up new prospects for the development of traffic cause." The June 26, 2006 meeting of the national transportation industry of spiritual civilization construction work meeting more clearly stated: "to strengthen the traffic culture construction, efforts to enhance the soft power of culture industry, and strive to" construction has made obvious progress in the next five years. Subsequently, "issued by the Ministry of Communications Culture Program", the guiding ideology of cultural construction of traffic, objectives, principles and measures made specific arrangements and deployment. This is related to the first traffic culture construction is the important document issued by the Ministry of communication, it emphasizes the communication culture construction in the new period to thoroughly implement Scientific Outlook on Development and building a socialist harmonious society demands, construction has the distinctive features of the times and the transportation industry characteristics of spiritual culture, system culture and material culture: to practice the socialist concept of honor and disgrace as the main line, to promote patriotism as the core of the national spirit and to reform and innovation as the core spirit of the times as the focus, vigorously strengthen the construction of spiritual culture; to strengthen the exploration and research in practice, fruitful system node traffic culture construction, establish the core value system of the direction of advanced culture and the requirements of the development of traffic transportation industry; to implement the "five project", namely, the formation of a number of traffic culture research, refining a traffic spirit, for determining a transportation industry logo, created a number of literary and artistic works to improve traffic, a number of Transportation Museum, will enhance the cultural construction of the whole industry to a new level, comprehensive.Strong traffic attraction and influence of culture, strengthen traffic industry cohesion, enhance the transportation industry's influence, improve the soft power of transportation development, to create a good cultural environment for the sound and rapid development of transportation. In order to further promote a comprehensive traffic culture construction, research in 2006 November ministerial meeting decided to set up a steering committee on the cultural construction of traffic, according to the four levels of industry culture, system culture, professional culture, organizational culture, set up the transport industry culture construction research project group and highway culture, cultural, transportation fees collection of road transport culture, culture, culture, the port maritime salvage culture, culture, marine culture, ship inspection and clean government culture, culture, culture of shipping of the Yangtse River Highway law enforcement, traffic police culture, road, bridge, the car culture culture culture, culture, culture, navigation station ship culture, culture, traffic channel administrative organ culture, culture and traffic transportation enterprises enterprise culture in 22 sub group, the industry has a certain research foundation, aggressive, have good support conditions, the representative of the department or unit to take the lead, and invited experts and scholars to participate in the school culture, sociology, management, according to the quality requirements, the system carried out traffic culture research work. After the majority of researchers for more than a year of hard work and hard work, research progress, gained a lot of achievements. The publication of this set of multi volume "study and practice of" twenty-first Century traffic culture series of books, is an important part of research results of culture construction traffic. Series from multiple levels, multiple areas systematically summarized the achievements in the construction of traffic culture a long history, rich culture, various forms of practice, blew. "The cultural system and cultural" focusing on transportation industry system, focus on refining and expounds the value concept of system with the characteristics: "characteristics of the culture of professional culture" focuses on different areas of expertise, focusing on the collection, mining and sorting out of the current industry material culture; "organization culture" focuses on the characteristics study on tissue culture of different traffic industry, mainly combs, conciseness and shows the value concept, characteristics of all kinds of traffic organization norms and identity. The whole research work adhere to the guidance of the socialist core value system, the "paving stone", "lantern" and other transportation industry of traditional spirit and Bao Qifan, Xu Zhenchao, Chen Gangyi and other advanced typical shows age spirit organically, made positive exploration in the construction of the core value system of transportation industry. Traffic culture construction is a long-term, systematic, the complexity of the work, not only to the overall deployment, and steadily push forward the. In recent years, especially the implementation of "the implementation of traffic culture program" since, the whole industry pay more attention to traffic culture, pay attention to the rich cultural connotation of traffic development, and obtained some industry characteristics and the characteristics of the times and cultural achievements, the emergence of Qingdao port, Tianjin port and a number of excellent enterprise culture construction units and the Qingdao Jiaoyun group "full of love journey," Nanjing coach station "love the originating station" and a number of famous service brand, formed the Nanjing traffic bureau "the general theory of traffic culture" and a number of theoretical research results. "The research and practice of" twenty-first Century traffic culture series of publishing, for the national transportation industry thoroughly implement the spirit of the 17th Party Congress, a new upsurge in culture construction and transportation, improve transportation industry cohesion and combat effectiveness, to promote good and fast development of traffic cause, and do the "three service", a major push to the role will play.
The ship, as an old and important traffic tool, bearing the China many culture. This book selects an out of the ordinary style of writing, namely the time sequence as the longitudinal channels, with the typical boat for transverse weft, decorated with interesting boat story as the warp and woof of beads, in the sequence of time and space that come very naturally, naturally, through discussion, readers can clearly understand the shape features, the ship the structure characteristics, technical value, aesthetic value, historical value, national characteristics, regional characteristics, cultural connotation and its social and economic significance. This book consists of 4 papers in 17 chapters, namely the sailing ship 7 chapter, 4 chapter; the 3 chapter and extended family 3 chapter. Sailing takes time as the order, from the origin of the stone age boat about maritime cause China shipbuilding industry declined in Ming and Qing dynasties. The first chapter is written in origin and cultural development of the pluralism and China boat. The second chapter written in Han Dynasty and the three Chibi boat battling fighting ship. The third chapter wrote the two great inventions -- watertight bulkheads and wheel boat. The fourth chapter is about the ship. The fifth chapter, the Tang Song, Yuan three generation. The sixth chapter tells the ship culture. The seventh chapter is written in Ming and Qing Dynasties Haijin Chinese fall to the bottom of the shipbuilding industry. Book ship 4 chapters. The eighth chapter of modern shipbuilding industry is "an unyielding elegy". The ninth chapter is about the new Chinese among the world shipbuilding powerful nation road. The tenth chapter is about the ship power. The eleventh chapter the navigator's eyes -- marine navigation technology. The family of 3 chapters. The article thirteenth chapter warships family. The fourteenth chapter ten famous ship Chinese. The last part extends the article is divided into fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth and three chapter. In the extended part, connotation and extension about ship culture.
The general ordered the first chapter introduction sailing the Yellow River Yangtze River and ocean create China boat culture, boat before the original ferry tool two, China ship culture initiation three, the iconic artifacts of the Yellow River Yangtze River and ocean create China boat culture, and four wooden boats on oracle bones text five, iron in the Warring States yacht on the application of six, Wu warships "wing", seven ships sail the second chapter of the Han Dynasty -- natural propeller boat and Chibi water bucket ship a Han Dynasty, precious ship two, Han three, the ship rudder and scull inventions and other ship accessory application of four, the Chibi water bucket to ship the third chapter of the Jin Dynasty -- the two great inventions of the watertight bulkheads and a wheel boat, Jin two, Jin watertight cabin the oar steamboat or car shipping fourth chapter five Sui ship and boat fleet, teeth in a unified national campaign play an important role in the Sui Dynasty in five teeth ship two, Suiti's boat fleet of 3 cruises in Jiangdu chapter fifth boat civilization by Tang Zhiyuan into a mature, The ship shows the political and military achievements, shipping and shipbuilding technology two Song Dynasty who rushed the world three, the future of the maritime traffic and transport the sixth chapter Ming ship is Chinese ship culture development in the peak, the Ming Dynasty inland river shipping and maritime traffic in two, Chinese ancient times three big ship three, the Ming Dynasty ancient excavation and research four, Zheng He's treasure ship is China boat culture treasure seventh chapter Ming maritime cause Chinese shipbuilding industry rapidly to valley, Ming and Qing two, a ban on intensified in late Ming and early Qing Dynasty to return to the port of Nagasaki in Japan China sailing ship eighth chapter of modern shipbuilding industry is an unyielding elegy, the world's first ship and Chinese first ship two, the Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau and making the ship three, Fuzhou dockyard and shipbuilding technology achievement four, Tianjin Machine Bureau and Beiyang Navy shipyard in Dagu, Guangdong five uniform machine Bureau and the Whampoa dock six, Dalian Lushun dock and ship building factory seven, Qingdao modern shipbuilding industry, shipbuilding industry for the development of the modern eight China modern ship the historical function of culture Nine, the Anti Japanese war in Yangtze River retreat chapter ninth of the new China world shipbuilding powerful nation road, a new China shipbuilding carve (1949 ~ 1966) two, "ten years of turmoil" during China shipbuilding zigzag (1966 ~ 1978) three, the period of reform and opening up Chinese shipbuilding industry into the international market (1979 ～ in 1999 four, the new century) to the world shipbuilding big country and shipbuilding power into the tenth chapter of ship power and the synchronization of a boat, sail, from human evolution to promote nuclear power two, marine diesel engine in the world demand of three, marine diesel engine development trend of high power, low emissions -- four, marine diesel engine development another trend -- intelligent technology five, domestic large-scale low-speed marine diesel engine popular international market six, China marine diesel engine's development is the eleventh chapter the mariner's eyes -- marine navigation technology development, early two, the ship navigation technology guide instruments -- magnetic compass and gyro compass, the ship three eyes four, high level navigation positioning technique Automatic identification system (AIS) five, the ship ship family twelfth chapter specialization and modernization of the family, a ship ship civilization development in twentieth Century (a) steel ship era and steel tailor electrification (two) the chimney by little, You Gao and low (three) family of Archimedes's law by ship "discard" two, specialization and modernization of the (a) passenger ship -- Ship yacht tourism -- (two) the ferry (three) general cargo ship -- multipurpose cargo container ship (four) (five) (six) of oil tankers and bulk carriers (seven) liquid chemical tanker liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) (eight) RO ro ship (nine) towing and pushing fleet of fishing vessels (ten) (eleven) marine scientific research (twelve) of offshore oil development engineering ship ship (thirteen) (fourteen) major pieces of cargo ships and semi submersible vessel (fifteen) (sixteen) the ship in marine salvage ship (seventeen) high performance ship thirteenth chapter army brigade. "Ocean warrior", a torpedo boat and missile boats two, submarine chaser three, minesweepers and mine laying ship four, landing ships, five frigates, destroyers, submarines, six seven, eight nine, the supply ship USS fourteenth chapter China ten famous ship, China's self-developed DWT ocean vessel "Dongfeng" No. two, China's first generation of guided missile destroyer "Ji'nan" first ship three, ocean comprehensive scientific survey ship "Xiangyanghong 10" four, to enter the international market 27000 tons of bulk cargo first vessel "the Great Wall" No. five, China's first generation of nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine, designed and built by six China the floating production storage and offloading "Bohai friendship" No. seven, China's new submarine eight, the second generation of Chinese missile destroyer "Harbin" ship nine, known as "sea science city" space tracking ship "Yuanwang 3"No. ten, 300000 tons of ultra large crude oil carrier" Delva "extends fifteenth chapter works of art in the boat, the boat in two poems, literature in three, boat boat in four books, paintings, the story of the ship ship five chapter sixteenth ships, two complex a ship designer ship builders, three, the seventeenth chapter and the ship ship users about the sports entertainment, a shipbuilding ceremony shows that people on the ship's respect and cherish two, dragon boat racing entertainment people placed on a memorial to three, sailing the sea to conquer and challenge four public boat song, sing the boatman a life of joy and sorrow.
One, the Ming and Qing Dynasties Haijin intensified (a) Ming Dynasty Haijin make Chinese shipbuilding industry in the early Ming dynasty fell from the peak, China coastal started by the Japanese harassment. Ming Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang to prevent the collusion with mainland maritime sea pirates, Yu Hong Wu four years (1371) by the "coastal people can not go to sea", hence open Chinese prohibition policy implementation of precedent. Hongwu seven years (1374) "Ba Mingzhou, Quanzhou, Guangzhou Province," Hongwu twenty-seven years (1394) and strictly "dare to have private Zhu fan trade, will amount to weight method". Emperor Yongle was an enterprising spirit of feudal emperor, he advocated the voyages of Zheng He (1405 ~ 1433) of the great cause of breaking through the sea ban, open again, to foreign trade, have made Chinese become the first in the world shipbuilding and maritime power. But only a short while ago, the Ming Dynasty in the Yongle Emperor died, but a reverse his sea policy, denounced the West for the masses, go against the trend of the world, take no sea, closed door policy. The shipbuilding industry China drop down from the peak.
Culture @ 2017