Kong Xianghua, Shandong Qufu people, Confucius descendants. From the Kuomintang officials family, has experienced twenty years of hardships, in an extremely difficult environment, hard to learn the doctrine of Confucius and Mencius "four books" "Five Classics" and the theory of all classes of authors, inspiring the pursuit of the true meaning of life. After rectification, work in East China Normal University Library, research focus more on Confucius and confucianism. After the transfer of Journal of East China Normal University (PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIAL SCIENCES EDITION) editor, associate editor, editor. The main contributor
"Confucius dictionary", author of "Confucius chronicles. Confucius questions", co-author of "China ten ancient saint", "Chinese classics Dictionary (Modern volume)", "declare index", published "on Confucius benevolence thought for blood margin beyond the ideas," "on Confucius Saint study multiple connotations", "the origin of the research of the history of pre Qin Confucianism", "" six arts "from the research of the history of Confucius and (The relationship between "), and other dozens of papers. In recent years, the authors strive to promote the spirit of St. Jude Confucius, successively in University of Hong Kong, the Chinese University Hong Kong, told the house of East China Normal University, Shanghai Oriental Broadcasting Station, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Dawn Hospital, Shanghai Maritime Univeristy, Shanghai, Luwan District new century Ancient Chinese Literature Search salon etc.. Publishes full-length memoirs "Dad youth no song", tells the story of supporting life with Ancient Chinese Literature Search legend experience, received attention at home and abroad.
The first chapter of "the book of songs" of a, what is "the book of songs" "book of songs" is the cultural treasure of the Chinese nation, it is Chinese the earliest poetry, which collected from the Western Zhou Dynasty (Eleventh Century BC) to the spring and Autumn period (sixth Century BC), before and after about five hundred years of poetic works of a total of three hundred and five people used to take it, only the integer, known as the "three hundred poems". "The book of songs" about order in the spring and Autumn period, mainly for Zhou Shi (the Western Zhou Dynasty and the early poems), also have a small amount of company's poem, it reflects the broad social life BC from twelfth Century to sixth Century in the Yellow River Lake Basin of central plains. Liang Qichao said: "the book of songs" as "the purest credible ancient book, never happen the authenticity problem." Confucius said: "poetry can flourish, you can view, you can group, you can complain." Yu Wenxue and the relationship between Confucius life to see the most sincere, so that. Ancient poetry to the main tool for education, aims to make people form beauty, have the ability of appreciating literary personality, is not to good. Sima Qian first put forward the "delete poems", thought that the ancient poetry had more than 3000 first, then after Kong Fuzi removed, "to the" remnant Bian three hundred and five first. The Song Dynasty was challenged. Some scholars think that Confucius never deleted poetry, and the reason is, in 554 BC, Jizha Fang Lu, Confucius was only eight years old, "book of songs" has set. "Zuo Gong twenty-nine years?" records, Jizha hire Lu Guan Zhou Le, Lu musicians to play for him "wind", "Ya", "song", the "book of songs" in line with this. Confucius just said: "my self defense and Lu, then joy is," Ya "" ode "play their proper role." He was just finishing a "book of songs" music. Thus, it is not Confucius editors. More than two said coexist, can continue to study. China's culture to the week and fully developed, the East is political, social changes before and after the period of poetry, is the most. The spring and Autumn period after the middle of the poem, has not been collected into "the book of songs". Mencius said: "the king" and "death poem trace out." The so-called "king of the trace out", refers to the spring and Autumn period, Zhou decline and collecting system of waste, so no one picked the wind, and "Ya", "song" is no longer a collection, so the day "poetry". The study of "the book of songs", said "poem" wind, ya, song, ode, than, Xing "section". In fact, the wind, ya, song refers to "poetry" classification; Fu, and than, Xing is about "poem" technique of expression. Two, "the book of songs" classification "the book of songs" is composed of three parts, "wind", "Ya", "song" is the three part of the title. When the poem is music singing, so some people think that, "Feng", "Ya", "song". Music related. Kong Yingda Shu: "truth, the poem allograft; Fu Xing, and different speech ear." The wind, ya, song, "the book of songs" refers to the classification of the forming, system, style; Fu, than, Xing, refers to the poems, rhetoric method, technique of expression. Song Zhengqiao "Tongzhi? Insect plant slightly" cloud: "terroir" wind "sound, the sound day," Ya "," song "Temple of the sound day". Zhu Xi "shijizhuan order": "where the poem wind, many songs out of the lane for men and women, the so-called phase and the song, all those who have made their feelings." The cloud: "if ya song of the article, is the world the week, the court suburban songs of speech." (a) "wind" "wind" is the music is folk music, general, soil, namely folk minor, or that the folk music. Although not so elegant, it is true folk music. "The book of songs" in the "wind" is also called "China Wind", from each state to collect. These countries and regions, a total of fifteen, they are called Zhounan, (sound Shao) south, Bei (sound back), 鄘 (voice over), Wei, Qi, Wei, Wang, Cheng, Tang, Qin, Chen, Hui (Yin Gui), Cao, bin (Yin Bin), which is also called the "fifteen China Wind", a total of one hundred and sixty poems, three hundred and five poems in the most. "The book of songs" wind, ya, song, literature the highest value to the number of "China Wind". "China Wind" in the works, which would have forced song, love song, the resentment, women's marriage, the rise and fall of the country, folk custom. Since the spring and Autumn period at the beginning of the week, about five hundred years, when the poem, has the sense of the times and the people. Society is not reasonable, common pain folk, noble and lead a life of luxury and debauchery, resistance against people of tyranny, ruler of praise of the temple ancestry, uninterrupted. "China Wind" recorded two thousand five hundred years ago people complaining, resentment and protest. -- at the time, Zhou Dynasty and each leud extort excessive taxes and levies, mutual attack, bitter is the people. They all work, life has no hope. Watch for the LORD your heart resentment, no place to vent, and then take the poetry pour out their grievances, this is the so-called "hunger sings its food, labor songs." "Wei Feng" is a song "fatan": kankam cutting Tan Xi, Bin River dry,, the clear river and ripples. Not to do any farm work, Hu 取禾 three hundred Chan? No hunting is not hunting, Hu 瞻尔 tribunal has suspended 狟? This gentleman is, this may be the serfs sing. They log in the river tinkling, against the glittering water tell grievance: look at those gentlemen, they do not farm, not hunting, but hundreds of bundles of moved toward the home wheat bundles, the courtyard is hanging a variety of game...... This song is a total of three chapters, the two chapter words with this chapter alike, at the end of each chapter are to repeat such a sentence: you are the gentleman, there really is not a white dinner! -- who can hear it, the singer says is irony, in fact they are protested to the gentlemen! "Wei Feng" is also available in a "rat", accused more obvious, but also more intense: rat rat, no I eat millet, three years old through female, Mo I'm willing to take. We will leave you, and go to that happy land. Happy land! Happy land! There shall we find our place....... The song to sing: the field rats, hamster, you don't steal our crops. We serve you for so many years, you is not considerate we. This song seems to be cursed the greedy Greek hamster, is actually alluding to their club. We will leave you, and go to that happy land. I will promise to leave you! To find another piece of land in the world! Happy land! Happy land! We will have a safe place where...... In order to avoid the "tyranny", they want to escape to the ideal of "paradise". Although the world is not that a real "paradise", "music", but it reflects the wishes and requirements of the masses were oppressed. Similar to previous song, this song "Shuoshu" is the three chapter. Each chapter is a character not only eye. This back and forth, sigh, very suitable for expressing the incessant resentment. The most comprehensive description of life, is the "bin" in the "July". There are eight chapters in this poem, in great detail about the serfs of the four seasons of a year of hard work, a bit like the later "four seasons". The serfs were farming, sericulture, spinning, weaving, hunting, Ma wine, repair houses, ice on Months and years pass by. pit, rest, is actually "do marry clothes for others", he still "no clothing no brown (a burlap clothes)", live in dilapidated cottage, eat bitter gourd, the girls in the family must always beware of the master. The long poem such detailed written description of the lower people's working life, unique in the ancient poetry really, the one and only. So some people say, "bin? Opened China's ancient farming poems in July". Expression of young men and women love poetry occupies a large proportion in the "China Wind". There is a love song almost everybody is familiar: off Guanju dove, in the river. A quiet and modest maiden a gentleman's good mate. This poem titled "Guanju", there are five chapters in this poem, this is the first chapter. You see, there is a small river delta, waterfowl cooed incessantly. A quiet, where the beautiful girl, the boy to do with her friends...... Here long, there short, is the duckweed, to the left, to the right, borne about by the current. A quiet and modest maiden yearn day and night. Exceedingly welcome and waking and sleeping he thought about her. Free from restraint toss and turn restlessly. Here long, there short, is the duckweed, on the left, on the right, we gather it. A quiet and modest maiden with lutes, small and large, let us give her friendly welcome. Stagger Nymphoides peltatum, around the pen. A quiet and modest maiden with bells and drums let us show our delight in her. The following chapters will then write the boy, he played piano fantasy to the girl, and finally to the girl to marry the bride. The poems and lyric and warm, not only beautiful words, probably also very melodious tunes. Confucius had praise: when playing "Guanju" end of chapter, full ear music, it was nice! The first poem "the book of songs" in this stage is big, get international cultural exchanges today, with music concert dance, but also admiring, come first on the list! "China Wind" in love poems there are many. Harmonious some depict love, like "Zheng Feng" in the "Qin Wei" and "Tuo Xi", "artful boy", "out of the gate", "Qian sang", "wind and rain". "By" in the "papaya", "the king of the wind" of "Ge". But also against the performance of ethics or the ungrateful people blame, like "by" of "Meng", "Bei Feng" in the "Valley", "wind" of "Bai Zhou". (two) "elegance" and "Ya, 'has two meanings: in the sound" sound ", for" in summer". The sound is correct in our voice pronunciation. "Ya", "summer" two words sound similar, each other is general, Zhou Wang Ji poetry, refers to the Western Zhou Dynasty in the area around the poem, it is the Cheyenne living area. The sound is the Central Plains region of the elegant music, can be seen as "officer", which is different from the fifteen countries where the wind music. "Ya", is generally the literati, the occasional folk poet works. Praise the good governance, there are a lot of bad political satire. Some people think that, "Ya" is not a local tunes, but everyone can appreciate the elegant melody. "Ya" the size of the. "Elegance" is a political poem, or epic, "lesser" also basically is a political poetry. Zhu Dongrun said: "the week before operating the West Qi, claiming the summer. Summer is a tribal name, Qi Zhou is the birthplace of the cheyenne. Qi Zhou period week poetry as taiga, Jing Zhou Dynasty poetry Xiaoya for weeks. In the Western Zhou Dynasty's lesser is concentrated in the capital (or week or the week SOD) poems. Using the same system of language. Lesser wing and the same, many social personnel; the poems of ancestors, gods, and nearly three song. And the city's East, divided into countries, his country wind." Ya "and" lesser "points," which are about, with music tune. "Thirty-one," first, "lesser" seventy-four songs, a total of one hundred and five songs, almost all the nobles of the works. "Elegance" is at the songs, "lesser" most noble feast singing songs, but the "lesser" also incorporated into some folk songs. "," "," "," "the people", "Zhou Gong Liu", "Huang Yi" and "Daming" launched a week person founding magnificent picture, is China epic beginning. Such as "life", is the legendary story of Zhou Nationality Ancestors Houji. -- Houji mother called Jiang Yuan, once she went to the fields, on a giant footprints, gave birth to the next experiment. Ginger newt that no father child thrown into the alley, passing cattle and sheep not to trample him, feed the baby to eat to him, Jiangyuan, and threw him out of the snow and ice, a group of birds flying in the sky, protect him with feathers, he finally survived. He was very smart, dedicated love tinkering with melon ah ah, he cultivated crops, sprout stalk is strong, full particles. For harvesting grain worship God Houji, God bless the whole week national. -- this poem although magical color, but reflects the ancestor, week national attention to agriculture. "Lesser" "lesser" has some specially written from the life of poetry, such as "plucking", "drive", "June" etc.. Take the "plucking", the poet might simulate a victory returning soldiers tone, he walked in the way home, the heart also not forget to life, that life is hard, and proud. The soldiers know, do not drive out invaders, the people no peace and stable life. But the nearer, his mood is low, almost a year away from home; dearThe people did not know how. He sings: I left home before, reluctantly bid farewell. We come back in the snow. Go slowly, yellow: Oh, don't know my sorrow. This is the poem of the last chapter, the spring willow, the winter snow, hold a sad, sad mood. From these ancient poems, the reader deeply realize that a "poem" charm. As for the "lesser" in poems, poetry of resentment and more. "Ming" in the "Yo Yo Luming, eat wild apples. I have guests, Guse blowing Sheng ", is China's earliest poems. "Plucking", "drive", "June" and "elegance" in "," Jianghan "Chang Wu" can be said to be the first war poetry. (three) "ode" "song" is the ancestral temple of songs and dances. The religious ceremony held in the ancestral temple in the side to side, dance, music, the atmosphere, is a grand and solemn. This "song" is the highest level of music, only the emperor could have. "Song" and "Zhou Song", "Lu Song", "Shang song", referred to as the "three song", a total of forty. "Zhou Song" of the "Qing Temple", "day dimensional life", is elegant and solemn religious worship. "Song" in "Shuowen" interpreted as "volume", has described the meaning, poem prefaces said: "chanter Mei Sheng De describe, for its success, report to the gods who were", this song - dance to see the ancients can type "". "Most song" poetry is the praise of kings of merit and called down a blessing to their children or servants, mostly use the exaggerated language. There are also some epic. Such as "Zhou Song" sing most is the King Wen, king. But the "song" is not just "Mei Sheng De describe, for its success, report to the gods" sacred music, but also with the dance. "Zhou Song" thirty-one articles, the Western Zhou Dynasty works, as in his previous king. "Lu Song" four article, may be Lu Xi public works. "Shang song" is a song of the spring and Autumn period before work. Like "Shang song" in the "black bird". Look at the content that is in praise of Yin Gaozong's poems on the "song" poems, literature is obviously much worse. Three, "the book of songs" expression "Fu" and "Bi", "Xing", is "the most common ways of rhetoric in the book of songs" or. The specific meaning of Fu, than, Xing has a lot of interpretation. Zhu Xi "poetry biography program" cloud: "Fu, before their; than those who, to like this; Xing Xing, material support." The so-called "Fu", Zhu Xi said, is to set forth the fact, use modern words is the direct narration, description. "Fu" is to tell in a simple, straightforward way, also is to give chapter and verse for give a clear account of the events, not equivocate, no exaggeration to whitewash. Fu, is a narrative of the problem, not for example, but its affection, to address personnel, say it. The so-called "than", is a parable, borrowing than the circumstances, yu. In the "book of songs", some poems which is in parables. Metaphor another thing with one thing, also called "for example, to it than he". For example "squirrel" and "Cats", is to use the mouse to the analogy of a non grata. Such as "Cats" is to take the waste grain voles, to describe the press serf lord. The so-called "Xing", is the beginning of the poem, the supporting rise, expressing affection, sense and hair. Zhu Xi said: "the first words he said to cause the words also'." This is said to use another thing opened, is to borrow something as a pretext, and then lead to chant things up. Such as "Tao day", beginning to write a beautiful spring, reminiscent of the beautiful girl. And as the "Guanju" is the chant of love between men and women, can begin to say "pass osprey, in the river", depicts a harmonious and beautiful environment, in this environment, people and feelings are so beautiful. If the poet to sing "a quiet and modest maiden, a gentleman's good mate", which appears suddenly, also lost the charm of poetry. People often put "than", "Xing" together. Bixing technique enhances the expressive force of poetry, the poetry images more vivid, which later became Chinese poetry traditional representation. In addition, Xing Fu, than, "the book of songs" has many are worth about art, for example sentences overlap. Said before, "the" "described", is a very good example. If there are a "芣 Chang": the Asiatic plantain, we collected. The Asiatic plantain, we have. The Asiatic plantain, we pick up the. The Asiatic plantain, we smooth the. The benzene 苢, thin stalks of words. The Asiatic plantain, thin 言襭.......
The preface, what is Ancient Chinese Literature Search two, Ancient Chinese Literature Search classification three, four Ancient Chinese Literature Search importance, how to learn Ancient Chinese Literature Search the group management, what is said by and by two, through the study of the essence of the three, through the study of the value of four, the order and the classics were the first chapter "book of songs" in a what is the "book of songs", two, "book of songs", "book of songs" classification three expression means four, "poetry", "book of songs" five, "the book of songs" faction six effects of seven, "three hundred poems" and the formation of the node set eight, "poetry" is how to upgrade the "the book of songs" second chapter "Shangshu" in one, what is "Shangshu" two, "said Confucius delete" book three, "Shang Shu" the ancient text four, "Shangshu" value of five, "Shangshu" content of six, how to read "Shangshu" third chapter "Sanli" of a, Li origin and evolution of two, what is the "" "," "three" in the name of "Sanli" in four, when the author and book five times, "Li" cultural value, Li in six Political role of the fourth chapter "book of changes" in the "book of changes", is a what book two, "book of changes", "book of changes" release three to four, who "book of changes" into a book in five, "book of changes" when in the ancient society, "book of changes" six, seven "book of changes" structure interpretation system eight, "book of changes" philosophy "and" the fifth chapter of what is said, "spring", "spring and Autumn" two three "spring and Autumn", the author's interests is what four, "Zuo Zhuan" explanation system five, "Gongyangzhuan" explanation system six, "hub beam." interpretation seven, "three pass" characteristics "University" in the sixth chapter, what is a "four books", "two university" and "University" author of three, from four, three cardinal guides and the connotation of rule the world standard of three the seventh chapter "the doctrine of the mean", "the doctrine of the mean" of an author two, Zi Si on the Confucius thinking of the inheritance and development of "the doctrine of the mean" in three, featuring four, the sincere multiple connotations of the eighth chapter "the Analects of Confucius" the Analects of Confucius, "a "Two" the Analects of Confucius "problem, the editors and the book in three," the Analects of Confucius "version and the evolution of four," the Analects of Confucius "essence of quotations five, Chinese book the ninth chapter" the Mencius "," a Mencius "problem," two "Mencius content for the scholars to a, the axial age and Zhou Qin set two philosophers academic, the" six arts ", open" abysmal "three," the philosophers of the tenth chapter "the development of Confucius, Mencius and Confucianism, on a Confucius two, Confucianism origin and assignment three, four, eleventh chapter Mencius Xunzi Mo-tse and Mohist on one, Mo-tse and his school two, the main content of Mohist theory three," Mo-tse "in the preservation of the historical data of four, twelfth chapter of Mohism Taoism and Taoist on the fate of a Taoist, the origin and the two send me and me", "a book three," Zhuang Zhou and Chuang-tzu "a book the thirteenth chapter of Shang Yang Han Fei and Legalist school on a the origin and distribution, two, Shang Yang and the" book of Lord Shang "three," Han Feizi Han Fei and "fourteenth chapter soldiers And the military, Sun Wu and "grandchildren strategics" two, "Wu Zi Wu Qi and" a book three, "Sun Bin and Sun Bin's art of war" the fifteenth chapter of yin and Yang, vertical and horizontal, name, such a complex, yin and yang two, three, four, and the history of the famous sage, is a history of what two, historical records the genre classification three, historical style sixteenth chapter seventeenth chapter of History Chronicles eighteenth chapter nineteenth chapter twentieth chapter chronicle record history and academic history: history of the appendix of Liang Qichao: "Ancient Chinese Literature Search primer purpose and reading" postscript @##@ bibliography In recent years, a person with breadth of vision, the elite university, successful entrepreneurs and government officials have started their "culture", many famous university set up around the country school, there are various forms of reading to try, even Confucius college has been done abroad, a new round of "Ancient Chinese Literature Search heat" is quietly rising! Ancient Chinese Literature Search why "hot"? Want to know the answer, you must seek from our Ancient Chinese Literature Search in. This book from the group management, the history of the scholars said, these three aspects to systematically introduce the Ancient Chinese Literature Search most base, the most classic "the book of songs", "book", "Sanli" and other works, Mo-tse and the Mohist school, Taoism and Taoist, on the Shang Yang Han Fei and the outline and other masters, Masashi, the chronicle chronicle history, etc..
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