The first chapter of traditional culture of the Chinese nation: Chinese Folk: 1 understand the concepts and categories of "we all live in the folk influence, from the Spring Festival New Year's Eve, from birth to death, every aspect of our life and folk closely. The concept Chinese national custom, of course is Chinese folk. In our daily life, whether naturally or half unconsciously by certain customs control, especially can feel the folk influenced profound during traditional festivals, weddings and funerals or every time. Folk custom is representative of a common ethnic psychological quality, is the difference between the nation and the country's most important features. In the economic globalization is strengthened day by day today, how to retain their own folk culture has become an important problem for every nation and national development. The folk custom is generated and inheritance in folk, with hereditary characteristics of cultural phenomenon. According to this definition, a cultural phenomenon to become a folk must have three points: first, it must exist in the masses of the people, people is the folk tolerance and the creator, and is the carrier of folk. Ancient institutions is hereditary, but does not belong to the folk custom.Secondly, the folk custom must be passed down from generation to generation. In the folk, but has not been widely accepted cultural phenomenon, also do not belong to the category of folk custom. Once again, the folk custom is the core of the traditional, traditional spirit is the core part of country folk. Classification Chinese folk culture characteristic is bright, colorful, embodied in the following aspects. The first is the material production practice, including people with a variety of material production related folklore. The second is the folk material life, including basic necessities of life with the people closely related to daily life of various substances of folklore. Third is the life etiquette, refers to a variety of traditional ceremony held by people in different age. Fourth is the folk belief, it does not exist alone, attached to other folk. Fifth is the festival folk custom, this is traditional folk most often show. Sixth is the social organization of folk, refers to various kinds of interpersonal relationship in civil society. There is a folk literature, refers to spread in the folk oral literature. The evolution of Chinese Han nationality as the main body to the Chinese nation has a very long history, in the long course of history, the ancient culture China shows strong vitality, has experienced many changes (such as Qin Shihuang and Han Wudi emperor unified, as well as several splitting and invasive and so on), but also constantly absorbing and the fusion of many foreign culture (such as on the absorption and transformation of Buddhism), but still maintained since the Yan Emperor, Huang Di has come down in one continuous line, without stop development system. The situation is reflected in the folk custom, they exhibit both One principle runs through it all., characteristics and changing. The 2 national character: broad and profound connotation of traditional Chinese folk tradition of folk culture, is an important part of Chinese culture, the essence of traditional folk culture, national spirit, embodies Chinese national character. Traditional forms of folk custom of rich and colorful, and shows the Chinese national character and personality from many aspects, and this is the meaning of our custom. The Chinese civilization is one of the traditional Chinese agricultural civilization, is also a kind of different from the sea peoples, ethnic customs, is different from the nomadic society, industrial society of agricultural social customs. This China customs, agriculture has three characteristics: group concept, concept and the concept of centripetal. Characteristics: the concept of traditional idea of community groups, including the "and" and "public" two ideas. "And" is very harmonious, this is the essence of traditional Chinese customs. First of all, in the person to pay attention to reconcile, spring outing spring outing, summer autumn and winter to prevent summer fever, pay attention to the tonic, about eating taboo, like this can the health, longevity. Secondly, in the family, in the family, to emphasize the harmony, between husband and wife, friends and relatives, to love and help each other, pay attention to filial piety, together for the family and the continuation of the strong and hard. Give extended application, in the society, between the human and the human to be mutual, reciprocity, so that the society can be harmonious. On the relationship between man and the universe, similar to the pursuit of "and", important festivals to 天礼, and pray for the well-being; agricultural production and to the corresponding days, to farming; Home Furnishing village should pay attention to Feng Shui, the harmony between man and nature. In short, small to personal family, to the people and the social world, Chinese Chinese everywhere in the pursuit of a "and". The traditional folk custom has also paid special attention to the "public", "the road trip, the whole world as one community", "public" is Chinese as "avenue". In the traditional family village, with Yi Tian, granary, poor family, for the relief of the village. He was regarded as a god of wealth, in addition to his business well, he often financial relief to the people is one of the important reasons. The ghost festival, send warm clothing festival, people not only to the ancestors send blessings, but also for the ghost；wandering souls guiding souls. All of these show the Chinese "public" concept. As for thousands of years to spread in the literati and Officialdom "first and worry about all over the world, after the pleasures of the world" "be loyal and devoted to the last" "Everyone is responsible for his country." of broad mind, become the Chinese style and spirit enjoy great popularity among the people. Characteristics of two: the traditional concept of national culture centripetal also reflects Chinese deep into concepts, including the "filial piety", "loyalty" in two aspects. "Filial piety" is the traditional virtue of the Chinese nation, and further push for elder Jing Lao, Jing day ancestral customs, embodies the patriarchy is the core of the centripetal concept. In the family, pecking order in good order. Is filial piety the parents, elders and family homes for the gates of rules, can not be broken. The usual festive, tend to worship ancestors. The old man's birthday, children will for his birthday, to show filial piety. The old man passed away, the younger generation will be to put on mourning apparel, mourning memorial. In short, filial piety is the important connotation of traditional Chinese culture, highlight the responsibilities and obligations of each Chinese. The concept of filial piety is extending in the field of society, on the formation of the teacher's respect, loyalty to the monarch, the state. In China folk, "heaven" in the real world of parent teacher "or" has been generally worship of God in the family. Those loyal to the country people Chinese dynasties, has always been respected, people even made the temple worship. Those who have made seminal contributions ancestors, founder, the object is still Chinese prostrate oneself in worship. The essence of this the elders of filial piety, loyalty to the country is a traditional Chinese folk, is the link of social solidarity and cooperation, is the source of Chinese national cohesion, centripetal force, is still the core value idea that our nation and society. Characteristics of three: the concept of moderation mean an important concept is the traditional folk custom in. Chinese think "too far", emphasize "be just perfect". Emphasis on "harmony of yin and Yang", adhere to the "and education of all things without harm, parallel and not contrary" tenet, advocate "the right place at the right time and better" and "harmony" concept, pay attention to "harmony but not Sameness", adhere to the unity and opposition to diversity, general situation of traditional Chinese A and each feature is a reflection of this. Of course, the concept of moderation has flaws, but it really is a very wise way. To sum up, the traditional Chinese culture which embodies the Chinese culture, is the carrier Chinese national character, is a part of Chinese culture. The indispensable. The group concept, concept, the concept of centripetal still has positive significance is very good. We understand folk, not only to know its form of expression, but also understand the hidden in one of the national cultural traits,The knowledge of our national character. 3 forget and rescue: since the Chinese status in modern times, under the influence of western culture, traditional Chinese Chinese by the overall impact of hitherto unknown, many excellent traditional folk have disappeared, some are completely transformed, lost the real connotation of own. With the development of modern society and the integration of Chinese and Western culture, China many traditional folk custom and traditional culture is fading fast, some in the struggle, some of them have only the word, let many keen on traditional Chinese people sigh. The most obvious is the most debated, and change the traditional festival is disappear. Many traditional festival, Shangsi Festival, fill positions above, Buddha Festival and so on have gradually fall into oblivion, people not only no longer the festival, even mention seldom mention. While some existing festivals, the implication of the value of folk culture is gradually losing. People mention Festival, first thought is often to eat, so that people sigh: "now the traditional festival is only eat." What do people usually on why this festival, the festival significance. While the attention of young people, have turned to Valentine's day, Christmas and other western festivals, holidays and Spring Festival, Mid Autumn Festival, they become habits. The traditional rituals of life also is not a small impact. Birthday is in Western blow out the candles, eat the cake as main projects, some places even by traditional etiquette dacaodaban, often with gifts for the purpose, the traditional birthday commemorative significance has all gone, education. Should pay attention to especially is that many traditional crafts, traditional folk arts are facing the danger of fading, disappear. With the change in values, it has been the traditional crafts, traditional folk art no longer appreciate, young people are not willing to engage in traditional art, led directly to the traditional folk custom of lean, houjifaren. In the face of this grim situation, a person with breadth of vision has been quick action, called for protection and rescue of the traditional Chinese culture, a common heat waves in china. People are aware of the traditional cultural value, folklore tourism has become a kind of fashion. In June 2, 2006, the state announced the first batch of a total of 518 items of intangible cultural heritage, the Kunqu Opera, guqin, Uygur folk art -- long song Muqam and Mongolia nationality in the world cultural heritage, at the same time, some provinces and cities have also published their list of intangible cultural heritage. For some disappearing crafts, folk art, the government also is to rescue, the successor to learn it. The protection of traditional Chinese customs has been promising prospect. The most concentrated expression of chapter two country folk festival: Festival folk 1 year after year end: have the Spring Festival activities led by 100 years, the traditional Spring Festival Eve and have the Spring Festival included, to do many preparations before the new year's Eve, after the Spring Festival there are many celebrations, and will continue for a long time. The annual Spring Festival Eve and connected, collectively referred to as have the Spring Festival, is one of the most important festivals, the people of the whole country have attached great importance to. The common people in the home again the poor, to take over, so have the Spring Festival prior to a series of prepared. Many people from the twelfth lunar month first began to busy, but the most important is the twelfth lunar month twenty-three people began. The twenty-three is the twelfth lunar month Zaojun God work day, ready to sacrifice I God Zaojun home until after the new year's Eve, people in this period of time, the God, how can people do nothing collision god evil spirit, so these days is an auspicious day, married, spring cleaning are no restrictions of any kind. Of course, this time the most important thing is to have the Spring Festival preparation. First, to clean up the courtyard, that is sweeping the dust, followed by food festival, then buy special purchases for the Spring Festival, almost every day there are corresponding preparations, the people of Beijing also put it into a jingle: Twenty-three, tanggua stick; twenty-four, spring cleaning day; twenty-five, to make tofu; twenty-six, to the flesh; twenty-seven, to kill a chicken; twenty-eight, white hair; twenty-nine, full of incense bucket; the thirty stay up all night, the first two days is all of the street. These songs may seem simple, but it is justified. For example, some food, prepare early, easy to go bad, if you are too late, to have the Spring Festival will not be able to buy. In the year thirty, finally ready, one family sit together to eat the dinner on New Year's Eve, sharing the fruits of one year of labor, enjoyable. Staying-up to stay up late on New Year's Eve, the elders to the younger generation the gift money. On New Year's day, it is the new year. As the saying goes: "not a lunar January is years." Spring festival celebrations often continued to is at the end of the month, at least until the Lantern festival. This time, almost every day activities. Lunar New Year's day, the second day grade is small to pay New Year's call;; fourth is to meet God, God of wealth; the fifth day of the fifth month birthday, shops began to business; the sixth (or 5) to the poor; day of the seventh lunar month is the festival, commemorating the human ancestors Nu Wa; eighth birthday is millet, or offering star day lunar month is the Jade Emperor; the tenth birthday birthday; stone to stone, "holiday"; the eleven is the father-in-law fete son-in-law day; from the beginning of twelve, people take a chuppah, prepare the lantern exhibit of lanterns, until the end of the sixteen lunar January exhibit of lanterns. In addition, in the lunar January sometimes up to twenty before and after the Spring Festival, there are days in section twenty-three and section, fill positions around the lunar January, there is fire...... These festivals can be viewed as an extension of the spring festival. 2 I God: it it is very safe, is the folk send Kitchen God day, in this day people offer sacrifice to the kitchen god, hoping he heaven for human more than a few words, let the human to fall more well-being, in order to make the coming year is a peaceful year. In Chinese ancient, the coexistence of various teaching, ancestors worship to worship God or many, the kitchen god is and the relationship of people as a close. He and the people with eating a pot of rice, living in a house, people's every act and every move seems to have been his look in the eyes, so people believe he is the Jade Emperor sent to mission observers each family "". Legend he once every year to the Jade Emperor God, whom the world is good or bad, and the Jade Emperor according to his report to determine the next world of fierce auspicious. Kitchen God on the day of the twelfth lunar month (in twenty-three Southern considered the twelfth lunar month twenty-four, or twenty-three, official folk twenty-four), because this relationship to God to good or bad, people naturally very much, each and every family will be on this dayWorship the kitchen god, send him happily on the road. The kitchen god, people put on the table in the kitchen before the gods, in addition to burning incense candles, but also for the water and kind of fruit. Because the Jade Emperor God had sent no drinking, so sent not for wine. It is also called Gum tooth fruit Xing or tanggua, for it is to let the kitchen god has tasted the sweetness, clung to his mouth, or in front of the Jade Emperor said human ill. Some places are coated with sugar. The stove mouth, meaning is the same. In addition, but also with bamboo bar top and fodder, or buy paper sedan chair to the kitchen god take. Some home also put on several egg, that is to get the kitchen staff -- the fox and the weasel. Offering after, people will be the old gods please God shrine, together with the paper grass, paper sedan burned together, then one family around the fire side and praying, praying the kitchen safe heaven, into a, this is "the ceremony". Thereafter until the day (or night) and then with the new kitchen god statues, this is connected with the stove "". Two days after the kitchen god, the Jade Emperor will personally to inspect, the world of good and evil, so people also burn incense and paper money and "ying jade", when people are cautious, so as not to offend the jade and bring a lean year. The kitchen god Festival is also called "year", is the deadline for restructuring the debt, poor people can not pay back the money, went out to "hide the", until the year thirty posted goalkeeper poetic couplet and then go home, because after "thirty years decals door" outsiders are not allowed inside the rules, who also dare not collide with the gods, so people often say ". People, help couplets". In the eyes of the kitchen god is not poor, holiday, but "disaster day". 3 old Guo Danian: dust twenty-four, spring cleaning day. Dust is an important preparatory work have the Spring Festival before. People want to have the Spring Festival the room before a thorough cleaning, sweep out bad luck, happy new year. Years ago, spring cleaning practices long-standing, as early as in the spring and Autumn period, there was in the new year's Eve day tambourines expel ghosts disease customs, this custom evolved into the end of the cleaning. Also popular now about the year-end cleaning legend. Long ago, people who are attached to three dead, he often give the Jade Emperor snitch, said about the earth. Once he even said to heaven receives them, provoked the Jade Emperor great anger, immediately ordered him to write to speak ill of others crime, let a spider net, hanging from the eaves. The Jade Emperor orders and ghastly on New Year's Eve lower bound, who see three dead people do mark, manmen chaozhan. Three dead god see plot is about to succeed, they can monopolize the world, swift himself, the household wall are made mark. Zaojun found three dead plot, hurriedly seek advice to the Kitchen God: every household from the ceremony date, new year's eve before the house clean. People hurried to comply, such decree ghastly Eve at the lower bound is found with bright windows and clean tables, each and every family, without any mark, people remain in one's proper sphere, hard work. The Jade Emperor Zaojun and learned from Wang Lingguan mouth three dead wrong person, anger, three corpse absolute permanent and prison. Since then, the kind-hearted Kitchen God by all the support, every twelfth lunar month twenty-three to twenty-four people, sweeping the dust becomes folk customs and traditions. To sweep dust, there is a saying, because the twenty-three sacrifice to the kitchen god, gods are God work, people at home to carry off all that one has no fear of breaking the gods, so twenty-four is a good time to sweep the dust. With the development of history, people now sweeping the dust is no longer confined to the twelfth lunar month twenty-four that day, generally from the twelfth lunar month as early as mid. Because the spring cleaning with a cleaning negative meaning, so the spring cleaning when the general family is family together. While the adults are the main spring cleaning, but the children and the elderly will also have a hand, for their own luck. Sweep the dust before, to prepare some food home, because cleaning up perhaps even the pot is off (to shave his pot ash), so be prepared in advance. Sweep the dust of the order is from top to bottom, from the inside to the outside, the house furnishings best move out scrub, so that home in every corner of the clean. After cleaning, home on a new window, New Year paintings, home to take on an altogether new aspect. The family is happy, to greet the new year with joy.
The traditional folk custom colorful China Chinese editorial: regression Chinese own etiquette book content navigation Chapter 1 the traditional culture of the Chinese nation: Chinese Folk: 1 understand the concepts and categories of Chinese 2 character: the connotation of traditional Chinese folk 3 forgotten and rescue: national cultural status reflects the chapter two: the folk festival folk custom 1 year after year end: have the Spring Festival activity 2 escort the Kitchen God Peace: 3 old people celebrated the new year: dust 4 firecrackers bid farewell to the old year: New Year's Eve 5 Taofu million new year Spring Festival: 6 to greet the arrival of spring: the Spring Festival 7 vertical Ambilight to make lanterns: the Lantern Festival the 8 day: Nu Wa cast water into the Thames day wearing Festival 9 clearance and store for a section 10: fill positions emperor ploughing for example: and the festival of 11 dragon looked rain Shun: Chunlong section 12 a quality suggestive of poetry or painting a flower fairy Festival bonus: 13 remove evil disaster for growth: the Shangsi Festival 14 sad there is also joy: 15 Chinese of Qingming Festival the Buddha's Day: Buddha Festival 16 weighing Changxin welcome summer summer festival dragon boat festival dumplings: 17 Qu Yuan: Dragon Boat Festival 18 the longest day of the day: Summer Solstice Festival 19 summer insect back home: tiankuang Festival 20 autumn wind rises stick autumn fat: the beginning of Autumn Festival 2 1 they will be July 7th day: 22 not spooky Halloween: the ghost festival 23 miles across, is the moon: Mid Autumn Festival 24 climbing Shangju care: the Double Ninth Festival 25 as the ancestors send warmth: send Hanyi Festival 26 water officials birthday: start the next element 27 the coldest days of Winter Solstice Festival 28: Shakya Muni Buddha Day: Laba Festival chapter three growth records: the life etiquette custom 1 to meet the arrival of new life: birth before and after the 2 cleaning bath to send blessings: three in the 3 most important birth Etiquette: the full moon 4 complete waiting for 100 years old birthday: the first hundred days 5 week old life: 6 Education: naming names Li and Tong Mengli 7 to protect the child grow up: send thanks to 8 adult society: Marriage: a rite of passage 9 agreed to set up a happy family engagement 10: married 11 red evil spirits hide disaster: this animal year 12 to start a new life: Housing for 13 warm birthday commemorative: birthday and birthday 14 last life etiquette: Funeral 15 warm grave mourning grief: send the cult chapter in life: between everyday folk 1 two generations of etiquette: kindness on the filial piety 2 Xiangjingrubin, husband and wife juanjimei: 3 Blood is thicker than water: relatives 4 zunzu, yoshimune, Mu family: family culture is awfully 5 friends from afar,: visit and hospitality 6 pursuit of Harmony: Chinese Home Furnishing 7 in joy: physical exercise recreational athletics 8 temples in the folk show: Temple 9 lively folk festival: Agency fire 10 folk art exposition: book chapter 5 Chinese inner world: folk belief and taboo 1 do not forget essential: Worship 2 head three feet gods: which 3 omnipotent alien gods: a Buddism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva 4 maritime protection God: the 5 most popular fairy: God of fortune 6 scholar Idol: Wenchang permit 7 happiness gods: fukurokuju Samsung 8 all gods: industry worship 9 pursuit of happiness and good faith: auspicious 10 daily life standard: taboo Appendix A, China folk festival two, Chinese the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list in three, Chinese industry @##@ God. China known as "ancient civilization, a state of ceremonies", traditional folk custom etiquette is Chinese generations of temper and inheritance of the cultural tradition, which embodies the Chinese national character, national spirit and truth, goodness, beauty, are the ancestors left us a valuable cultural heritage. However, in the social unrest and foreign culture in modern times under the impact of the traditional folk custom etiquette, has been in decline, many characteristic folk custom etiquette has disappeared, or have been transformed, is losing its true connotation. In order to make readers more in-depth understanding of Chinese traditional culture, traditional Chinese folk get lost, we published the book. Four aspects of the book festival, from the age of life etiquette, the daily life and faith taboo, all-around introducing the traditional Chinese folk legends of the origin, the etiquette related activities and contained in the profound meaning the. The book series parallel previous graphic is more flexible, and the introduction of a pair of lovely small Fu rats and traditional family most closely related to the kitchen god, they often make impromptu comic gestures and ramarks, allowing you to traditional etiquette regression once lost in a pleasant reading experience, the unique charm of traditional culture. This book an important chapter: why "lunar January shaved dead uncle"? Qiqiao Festival how "Qiqiao"? The child's birth ceremony should be held? Funeral "five service" how to distinguish? All industries of God come from? Who are the twelve months a year flora? China also has a "father's Day"? Traditional wedding etiquette some what steps? The traditional Home Furnishing should how to layout? Why new year's Eve "three high"?
In the preparation method, "graphic Chinese Chinese" by graphical means unique, and chart coding parallelism ever more flexible, also introduces two little Fu rats and relationship with Chinese traditional family most closely to the kitchen, they often make impromptu comic gestures and ramarks, leading everyone in the pleasant reading in a colorful traditional the folk world, at the same time for everyone to send good wishes.
Culture @ 2017