The history and culture of Beijing, has a long history, broad and profound, is the crystallization of the fine traditional culture of the Chinese nation. Beijing Academy of Social Sciences Institute of history since its inception, has been engaged in the research work of the history and culture of Beijing, 30 years, under the joint efforts of all staff, has made some achievements in the history and culture of Beijing, with Mr. Cao Zixi, editor of the "history of Beijing" as the representative, have a good influence in academic and social. The "general history of Beijing" come out, and laid a solid foundation for further study of the history and culture of Beijing. In 2006, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, the leadership of Beijing history and culture research work to increase support, put forward the "Beijing history" included in the integrated scientific research important topic, makes the research of Beijing history and culture in our hospital from the whole to enter a new stage. Prior to this, the historical researchers have already started the research of Beijing history, such as MS. Wang Ling wrote "Beijing and the surrounding city history", written by Mr. Yin Junke is "the history of the development of" Beijing suburb village, to write a "Mr. Deyuan Beijing agricultural economic history", Wu Jianyong wrote a "Beijing city life the history of Beijing city", "history", and so on, the history of the study of the advent of the history and culture of Beijing gradually in depth. However, in order to form a complete system of history, apparently relying solely on the study of personal strength is not enough, must form a relatively strong research team, to complete the arduous work history research. It is in this context, the Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, led the organization of Institute of history of all scientific research personnel to "Beijing history" subject integration made a serious argument. Especially the subject of general counsel Liu Muyu president and general planning vice president Qi Benchao on the subject of writing researchThe principle and the project order are given careful guidance.
"Beijing customs history" is a problem all the care and love of history and culture of Beijing people have attached great importance to the. As early as in the pre Qin period China thousands of years ago, rulers of the people understand the customs as an important work, so the old "Caifeng" system. The earliest "folk songs" is the ruler to tour, travel around the well-known mountains and rivers, understand the local customs. Based on the understanding of people customs, can know the performance gains and losses. About "folk songs" is hard, then the rulers of comfort of no longer personally tour, but sending officials out tour, the tour focus from empathy to the investigation of official. Although the "folk songs" activity abolished, but the governor of a person with breadth of vision is still the people of customs as an important work, through the understanding of the people and customs, as the reference data to perform government. From this perspective, custom, history is an important part of the political history. In modern times, and cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries more closely, many western academic thoughts into China, brings new vitality to the traditional academic, foreign scholars on custom history research results, is a good example of. So, people know that in addition to the traditional politics, and names of Anthropology and sociology, can be used to study history. Many of the original in the history of literature is not important contents, can get a more comprehensive understanding and a more profound understanding of the research on people's existing convention. So, custom history and become an important part of research on Anthropology and social. Because of the culture of the Chinese nation has a long history, and a large number of historical documents has left us a great cultural treasures, and in our understanding of the traditional customs of the Chinese nation to provide great convenience, we can make reference to historical literature to interpret the people's customs and life.
Wang Gang, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences researcher. In 1982 graduated from the Philosophy Department of Peking University, is screwed into the historical research institute engaged in research of the history of Ming and Qing dynasties. Studies are focused on the Ming and Qing Dynasties History of political system, the ritual system history, history of Beijing and the capital culture. The main works include: "city life" (the part of) the history of Beijing, "culture shock", "institutional inertia ceremony not far from people in Ming and Qing Dynasties -- approached imperial etiquette culture". The main thesis is: "Dashun in North
on", "Western learning and the Ming Dynasty", "social characteristics (etiquette social political order", "the system is more important than the emperor" and so on more than 30 articles. He has "Autobiography of Yan Huiqing" (seventh - 11).
The order of the introduction of Beijing's festivals customs Beijing festivals customs formation characteristics of the first chapter of main spring festivals, the Spring Festival, and a two section three, February two four, second chapter main festival summer festivals, the Dragon Boat Festival, a two June six the third chapter autumn major festivals one, July 7th Festival two, sending the sheep Festival two, Mid Autumn Festival, the Double Ninth Festival fourth chapter four main winter season and year, the twelfth lunar month eighth of a two, Beijing's religious customs religion of Beijing customs characteristics of the first chapter of Buddhism, Buddhist festival custom, custom two Buddhist life customs chapter second Taoist customs, "a White Cloud Temple Yan nine" two, Dongyue Temple "dust" three, bixiayuanjun religion four, other Beijing Taoist customs chapter third religious folk custom, the custom of ancestor worship, animal worship two three, protection God belief customs four, God of agriculture, the belief and the custom five folk God belief, belief and custom six celestial god seven, the immortal belief customs, taboos, eight evil nine fairy door paranormal belief custom of Beijing customs of life the first chapter, custom, history two, courtyard of courtyard building. And the profound cultural connotation three, courtyard building pattern in the custom four, quadrangles decoration in the second chapter the diet custom custom, diet and Food pursuit of two, three, four seasons diet custom meta species four, banquet dinner celebration...... The third chapter fourth chapter change clothes customs travel communication customs chapter fifth weddings and custom in Beijing industry customs chapter second chapter officialdom custom handicraft customs third chapter fourth chapter agriculture business customs customs customs of Beijing and its influence on the main references after
The formation of Beijing's festivals customs Beijing festivals customs characteristic three, city cultural characteristics in the history of Beijing is a very prosperous city, direct service to the feudal bureaucrats to objectively stimulated the rapid development of Beijing from all walks of life, especially in yuan, Ming, Qing three dynasties, Beijing became the China the largest city of fee. The development of social economy, cultural prosperity and people's life is relatively stable, the Beijing festivals customs gradually liberated from strong taboo, superstition, sacrifice, eliminate the mysterious atmosphere, and more into entertainment and etiquette, even to the luxury enjoyment, development direction. Such as the Lantern Festival Lantern fireworks in the Ming Dynasty lasted ten days, the so-called "the guest lady children, city travel...... They plug way, a few no inch gap". The description is the lantern festival lanterns scene citizens. In addition, the Dragon Boat Festival winds increased, travel yangko dance, acrobats, temple fair, mostly with pleasure, play, entertainment, rest. Some customs though derived from farming, such as fill positions, the beginning of cattle, offering money, you take all, yangko dance, farming practices, after years of development and evolution, in the capital, have been infected with the city culture. On the one hand, because the Beijing off the simple agriculture society to enter the commercial trade oriented city society is relatively early, and later developed into a political culture as the center of the urban society, farm holidays after entering the city of Beijing also had to hit the city culture, can continue to pass. On the other hand, Beijing as a will be large, but with the surrounding countryside there have all kinds of connections with contact, so the long-term continuation of rural festivals and very difficult to disappear, to dissolve into the city culture.
The authors of the book, is completed by the Beijing Academy of Social Sciences Institute of history research staff cooperation. Among them, Wang Gang to write the "Outline" and the five "Beijing customs change and influence;" Li Baochen to write the "custom" in the diet, and wedding and funeral customs travel association, as well as the "industry custom" in the officialdom custom; Zheng Yonghua to write the "religious customs" in Taoist customs; Zhao Yali is responsible for writing "customs and folk religion" and "religious customs in industry custom" in the commercial customs; Yuan Xi to write the "custom" in the apparel custom; Zhang Yongjun to write the "spring and summer seasonal festivals and customs", and "industry custom" in the hands of the industrial and agricultural customs; Dong Yan to write the "life" the abode in custom custom. He Yanwei to write the "autumn and winter seasonal festivals and customs", and "religious customs" in Buddhist custom; Wang Gang modify some manuscript content. The book finally by the Li Baochen review, amendment opinions, to change. Book editing and publishing work obtained the people's publishing house, Guan Hong lady's help, in this special thanks!
"Beijing customs history" as "one of the integration of Beijing history" series, divided into Beijing festivals customs, changes and the influence of Beijing's religious customs, Beijing customs of life, Beijing customs, Beijing customs industry five. Briefly introduced the Beijing customs, has a rich cultural connotation and value. There is an important guiding significance to the study of the history of Beijing customs.
Culture @ 2017